October Planting Guide
October is a month of adding most permanent additions to the landscape, ignoring ground covers, bare-root plants, and tropicals. Fall planting is utilized to get plants into the ground before rain. Roots will take advantage of the winter to become established and rewards can be seen the following summer. Summer vegetables and flowers should be pulled up at this time, while winter and spring plantings should be finishing up. Get vegetables into the ground as soon as possible.
Vegetables include: Arugula, Beets, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Collards, Lettuce, Onions, Peas, Potatoes, Radishes, Spinach, and Turnips.
Hebs: Chamomile, Chives, Cilantro, Dill, Lemon grass, Mint, Parsley, Thyme.
Bulbs: Anemone, Crocus, Daffodil, Freesia, Hyacinth, Bearded and Dutch Iris, Ranunculus, and Tulips.
Natives: Arbutus, Cercis, Heuchera bells, Manzanita, Matilija Poppy, Salvia, Yarrow.
Perennials: Japanese Anemone, Asters, Centranthus ruber, Columbine, Delphinium, Foxglove
Trees, Shrubs, and Vines: Most trees, vines, and shrubs should be planted now, for best results. Hedge and accent shrubs should be planted—Pittosporum, photina, lavender star flower, yew pine. October planting vines includes: Carolina jessamine, cape honeysuckle, lilac vine, and ivy.
Roses should be waters twice a week up to 1 ½ inches of water. The last fertilizing of the year takes place this month. Continue any dead-heading to prep for any later buds.
Flower Beds and Containers:
Plants should be switched from summer-to-winter annuals and perennials by the end of the month. Nourish soil in preparation for winter and spring bloom transplants. Cool season blooms may include: Calendula, cyclamen, cineraria, delphinium, dianthus, flowering cabbage, pansy, perennial candytuft, English primrose, snapdragon, stock, sweet Willium, sweet Violet. Plant as soon as possible and provide them with food and adequate light for growth and blooms.
Cool season lawns (ryegrass, bluegrass and fescue) are beginning to grow faster than their warm season counterparts (Bermuda and St. Augustine). Re-sharpen mower blades if necessary. Make sure to uproot any pestering crabgrass.
Continue to feed fuschia and keep on nourishing blue hydrangeas with aluminum sulfate. Do not fertilize tropical water lilies, but supply hardy water lilies that seem to need some extra help. Fertilize cool season lawns this month, as well as warm season ones to keep them green. Discontinue feeding for chrysanthemums.